An experiment to determine how the equipotential lines were formed between two parallel plates

This electric field surrounding charged objects is therefore analogous to the gravitational field surrounding all massive objects. Thus, we can express the electric field produced by a single point charge as: To estimate the electric field strength, choose a region on your photocopy in which the electric field is uniform.

Again, assume an uncertainty of 5 mV for your measurements. Therefore, electric field lines radiate away from positive charges and terminate at negative charges.

Once you have drawn the equipotential lines on your photocopy, you should be able to sketch the electric field lines. Plotting equipotentials and electric field lines To prepare the setup for data collection and plotting of the equipotential lines, do the following: Be sure to discuss in your lab report why these electrodes are equipotentials!

A pair of parallel electric plates has a potential difference of V across its plates. The two common source charge configurations we will examine are the parallel plate configuration as present in parallel plate capacitors and the dipole configuration as present in electric dipoles.

C, and the distance d is 0.

Forces and fields: Electric fields

Why are the equipotential lines parallel between the plates but not parallel outside of the plates? To calculate the force E acting on a charge placed in an electric field we need to know the potential difference V separating the plates and divide it by the plate separation d or x.

In this laboratory experiment, we will explore these concepts by plotting the equipotential lines in the space between two different charged electrodes one positive and one negative. These concentric circles form because of the radial symmetry of the point source charge, and hence, the radial symmetry of the field, suggested by equation 3 above.

Hence, a positive test charge placed in the electric field of a positive source charge moves radially away, in the direction of the electric field, whereas a negative test charge moves radially towards the positive source charge, in the opposite direction of the electric field.

Move the handheld probe down to the grid point at Row 8, Column 8, and repeat the measurement, again recording the value on your photocopy. They are separated by a distance of 1.

Do not place the photocopy of the charge configuration on top of the conductive sheets! Thus, we say that the electric field is the gradient of the electric potential.

PHY 134 Lab 1 - Electric Field Plotting

Again, assume an uncertainty of 5 mV. Unlike the parallel plate configuration, the electric dipole does not produce mostly uniform straight field lines. The relationship between the electric field and the electric potential is clear when considering a single dimension.

Although we do not have a similar analogy for a negative test charge since mass cannot be negativewe expect a negative charge to behave in the reverse manner.

Nonetheless, the results will be meaningful in the large region between the poles, so reconnect the circuit as before, and begin collecting data: By probing the area between the electrodes with the digital voltmeter, you will be able to find sets of points having zero potential difference between them, i.

Your complete diagram should look similar to the example below: From there, it flies km due east to its final destination 3 answers A regional airline flight consists of two legs with an intermediate stop.The oil drop experiment was performed by Robert A.

Millikan and Harvey Fletcher in to measure the elementary electric charge (the charge of the electron). The experiment entailed observing tiny electrically charged droplets of oil located between two parallel metal surfaces, forming the plates of a ultimedescente.com plates were oriented horizontally, with one plate above the other.

Since the field lines are parallel and the electric field is uniform between two parallel plates, a test charge would experience the same force of attraction or repulsion no matter where it is located in the field.

Oil drop experiment

Note that NO work would be done if the 2 nC charge were to be moved along an equipotential surface since all points on a. Start studying Physics 2 Final Set 1. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

When the distance between charged parallel plates of a capacitor is d, the capacitance is C.

Equipotential Lines

What must the path difference between two in-phase light sources of wavelength λ be for interference to occur at a point. A uniform electric field is set up when there are two straight parallel electrodes (plates) that have a potential difference between them.

If a positive charge is placed at a point halfway between the plates then it will move toward the negative electrode (electric attraction) along the electric field lines.

PHY Lab 1 - Electric Field Plotting. Why are the equipotential lines parallel between the plates but not parallel outside of the plates? Once you have drawn the equipotential lines on your photocopy, you should be able to sketch the electric field lines.

This region should be near the middle of the area between the two parallel. For parallel conducting plates like those in a capacitor, the electric field lines are perpendicular to the plates and the equipotential lines are parallel to the plates.

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An experiment to determine how the equipotential lines were formed between two parallel plates
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