He also introduced new elements, particularly about the role of fate, from diverse sources. The concept of a story collection has antecedents in medieval literature, including Decameron: Another characteristic of this standard plot is that the old husband is domineering and jealous and often locks up his young bride or keeps her under such close scrutiny that there is no chance of being deceived.
Chaucer has given us excellent character sketches in January and May. Critical essays canterbury tales the young bride, Alison, is left untouched by the events.
Even today, this situation has not changed, and in all cases, the audience is delighted by the manner and methods used to bring about this deception. Now in his dotage, having expended his youth on wild exploitation of young females, and wanting male heirs to inherit his title and lands, January bargains for more than he is capable of.
John, the husband in the tale, is a carpenter; his young wife, Alison, is a pretty but common damsel. First, he amplified the plot with an extended commentary on the nature of dreams that drew on varied literary sources.
And while the trick played on the carpenters by Alison and Nicholas is far more complicated and imaginative, the trick played on the old doddering January was found in popular tales of the time and is commonly referred to as the "Pear-Tree episode.
The seducer is always much younger Critical essays canterbury tales the husband, much better looking, and always more sexually virile. These selections provide only a glimpse into the variety that makes The Canterbury Tales such an intriguing literary work.
The tale of the cock, Chauntecleer, and the fox, Sir Russel, was a well-known beast fable that Chaucer transformed for his purposes. Here we have the old carpenter, John, married to the young wife, Alison, whom he keeps very tight reins on. It provides the rationale for the stories and introduces the pilgrims.
January is a very old man who has married a lovely young lass named May: Although many of the stories were not new, Chaucer transformed the material with an originality that made the tales unique.
He created lively characters through their appearance and actions. In the twenty-four tales, Chaucer demonstrates mastery of almost every literary genre known in the Middle Ages. Both tales share a sense of high comedy and not immorality.
The basic assumption of this type of story or fabliau is that, if an old man is fool enough to marry someone much younger, the old fool deserves to be fooled.
The tales begin with a general prologue that sets up the frame narrative of the pilgrimage. Characters in a fable typically are from a lower social class, as is the Miller. With the Wife of Bath, Chaucer returns to the romance genre.
Its source is probably English folklore, but it follows the requirements of romance with its setting in Arthurian England and a plot based on a love quest. Most often these stories deal with the clever and manipulative ways in which the young wife is able to deceive her old husband.
John the Carpenter, for having married a young lass and keeping her so confined, is awarded for his stupidity and pride by becoming even more of a laughing stock than he was before. The suspense lies only in when the young man will show up and how the tryst will be arranged.
The Wife of Bath prefaces her tale with a lengthy discourse on marriage, in which she recounts her life with her trials and triumphs over five different husbands. Therefore, the delight of this type of story lies in the clever methods the wife uses to deceive the husband or, in some cases, the "poetic" justice involved in having a domineering husband brought to his knees.
And thus, young May is left in difficult situation. The reader, early in the story, assumes that, because the older man has trouble coping with his young wife in bed, he will be cuckolded by a younger, handsomer, more virile young man. The issue of this unity is complex because Chaucer died before finishing the work, and the order of the tales, in part, results from editorial efforts made from the fifteenth through the twentieth centuries to impart unity to what in fact remains a fragment of the intended whole.
Thus, as in all stories of this type, our sympathy lies with the young bride. As with all fabliaux, the obscenity involves how Nicholas and Alison play an obscene trick on the unsuspecting, delicate young man and force him to commit an obscene act — kissing her arse — that is especially repugnant to him.
Chaucer again used his literary talents to create a memorable and distinctive story. The prologue to her tale allows Chaucer to develop her garrulous character.Critical Essay on "The Canterbury Tales" Critic: David Kelly Source: Poetry for Students, Vol.
14, The Gale Group, Essays and criticism on Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales - Critical Essays. - The Canterbury Tales The Canterbury Tales, a masterpiece of English Literature, written by Geoffrey Chaucer, is a collection, with frequent dramatic links, of 24 tales told to pass the time during a spring pilgrimage to the shrine of St.
Thomas a Becket in Canterbury. and Chaucer's Canterbury Tales - Andrew Williams Chaucer's Pardoner, the Bishop of Pamplona, and the Great Western Schism - F. Martin What the manuscripts tell us about the Parson's Tale. Full Glossary for The Canterbury Tales; Essay Questions; Critical Essays The Old Man and the Young Wife Bookmark this page Manage My Reading List.
Introduction. Throughout the history of Western civilization, the idea of a very old man marrying a very young girl, usually 18 or younger, has been a constant source of comedy and the.
Part 2 A practical guide to essay writing: how to plan an essay-- style sheet. (source: Nielsen Book Data) ; Publisher's Summary This series aims to introduce students to a wide variety of critical opinion and to show students, by example, how to construct a good critical essay.Download